Mountain Safety

The Mountaineering Council of Scotland has provided these simple guidelines for your enjoyment and safety. They are designed to help both inexperienced and regular summer hill walkers.

Keeping Safe in the Hills

Before setting out on ANY trip obtain a weather forecast from the internet, national and local radio, television, newspapers or one of the dedicated mountain weather forecast telephone services. Leaving word of where you are going can be a good idea. If you do, don't forget to advise them when you return. Click here to download a Route Plan Contact Sheet.

The Weather

Changeable is the best way to describe the weather in Scotland - and it can change at an alarming speed. Even on warm sunny days bad weather might be on the way. So, if the wind strengthens, clouds thicken, visibility decreases or the temperature falls, consider whether you need to revise your plans. For a detailed Mountain Weather Forecast for the Southern Uplands - Click Here.


Choose a walk which is appropriate to you or your group's experience, fitness, navigation skills, knowledge of the area and for the prevailing weather conditions. As a general rule, take children only on routes which allow for a safe and easy retreat. Do not take children on long walks. Most areas of Scotland have walks to suit all levels of ability. Consider turning back if someone in your group is tiring or getting cold.

What to Take


Warm, wind and waterproof clothing is essential. This should include gloves, hat, fully waterproof and wind proof jacket and trousers and spare clothing such as a warm sweater. Remember, it will get colder and windier the higher you climb.


Always carry a map and compass - but it is vitally important that you know how to use them (Ordnance Survey maps scale 1:50,000 or 1:25,000 are recommended). Carry equipment for use in an emergency such as a torch, whistle, First Aid Kit and emergency shelter. These items are inexpensive and readily available from all outdoor shops. The emergency signal is six blasts on the whistle or six flashes with the torch.


Your footwear should provide good ankle support and have a firm sole with a secure grip. Hillwalking boots are strongly recommended.

Food & Drink

Take ample food and drink for each member of your group. Always take reserve supplies. Simple high energy foods are best (e.g. chocolate, dried fruits, cheese and biscuits), as are hot drinks in cold wet weather.

On Your Walk

Tracks & Paths

Part of Scotland's attraction is the wilderness of its countryside. Mountain paths are not signposted and even those marked on maps may sometimes be difficult to trace. It's very easy to follow a sheep or deer track that leads to nowhere! Use your map and check your location at all times. Scotland's Varied Terrain - the ground you cover - from heather and peat bog to rocky paths - makes walking in the Scottish hills exciting; however, it can make walking slow and exhausting. Rivers and burns can rise rapidly and become impassable. Consider these points when planning your walk, for it will affect the distance you can cover in the time available.


Do not assume you will find emergency shelter on the Scottish hills as even those marked on maps may not be suitable. Ensure that you are properly equipped.

During Hot Weather

Make sure you drink plenty of fluids (approx 2 litres per hour) and don't rely on natural water sources as many will have dried up. Ensure you apply a high protection sun screen and wear a hat to protect your head. Wear loose, light-coloured clothes and stay out of the sun as much as possible, especially the midday sun.

In Snow

During the summer months you may find patches of snow. You should avoid these areas unless you have the skills to cope with the extra hazard. Remember, many mountain accidents result from a simple slip. It can snow during any month of the year in the Scottish hills. Hillwalking in winter should be regarded as mountaineering and requires extra precautions. Daylight hours are shorter and weather conditions are more severe. Gain experience in summer conditions before venturing out in winter.

In an Emergency

If one of your party has an accident and cannot be moved: calculate your exact position on the map if possible, leave somebody to care for the casualty whilst others descend with a map to get help on reaching a telephone, dial 999 and ask for the police report the map grid reference where you left the casualty and details of the casualty's condition

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